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职称英语考试综合类常考的完型填空精选(1)

发布时间:2010年01月15日 00:16:24 来源:|0 点击量:

  Where Have All Our Visitors Gone?

  Sixty years ago, a man named Kenneth Arnold saw something that people are still __1__ today -something that changed popular culture for ever.

  Flying his plane over mountains in the US state of Washington, he saw a line of strange objects, either crescent -shaped or disc-like, flying __2__ the motion of a saucer skimming on water.

  The media soon picked up on the story-the Flying Saucers were here1! Was the earth being __3__ by creatures from another planet? Soon, so many sightings were made that the US military began to __4__. It called these strange objects UFOs -Unidentified Flying Objects, and that is how they are __5__ today.

  Military investigations found no evidence of visitors from outer space. But that did not stop the true __6__. The military were __7__ up, they said. Or __8__ it was because the travelers from space were of such superior intelligence that they could hide from the most sophisticated military analysts.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  People have always seen strange lights in the sky. In the past these were explained in__9__ ways. In a world where religion was less influential and science fiction was popular, signs from god were replaced by visitors from other __10__.

  The date of the first UFO signings was also significant. In 1947, World War II had just ended and the __11__ war was just beginning. Humanity seemed locked in endless conflicts. Like generations before them, people looked __12__ the skies for help. But instead of seeking God, they looked for help from super-intelligent aliens with __13__ technology. Belief in UFOs became the first religion of science.

  However, even people who believe in UFOs are not quite sure why they visit the earth. The universe is a big place and it is __14__ to assume that there is life somewhere out there. It is possible that aliens have worked out how to travel through space. Yet some people report that they have been taken by aliens and have had experiments __15__ on them. Why would anyone travel across half the universe to conduct medical experiments on people living in small towns in the United States?

  词汇:转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  crescent n.月牙,月牙形物 saucer n.碟

  skim v.飞速掠过 alien n.外星人

  练习:

  1. A) looking B) seeing C) seeking D) feeling

  2. A) below B) underneath C) with D) under

  3. A) ruled B) bombarded C) captured D) visited

  4. A) investigate B) attack C) shoot D) confront

  5. A) named B) called C) known D) dubbed转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  6. A) believers B) thinkers C) followers D) liars

  7. A) hiding B) covering C) cheating D) tricking

  8. A) definitely B) undoubtedly C) necessarily D) maybe

  9. A) awkward B) crude C) religious D) foolish

  10. A) planets B) continents C) countries. D) regions

  11. A) cool B) star C) nuclear D) cold

  12. A) above B) to C) at D) up

  13. A) traditional B) backward C) classical D) advanced

  14. A) unthinkable B) impossible C) reasonable D) insensible

  15. A) performed B) carried C) brought D) taken

  完型填空答题思路:转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  1. 分析文章标题, 了解文章主题, 确认文章主题词;

  2. 对比被选项, 推测答案可能出自的范围;

  3. 关注空格两端结构,借助空格所在的局部搭配结构及搭配语意判断答案;

  答案与解析:

  1. 分析文章主题:

  Where(在哪里, 什么地方) Have All Our Visitors(来宾, 访问者) Gone?

  文章主题词:visitors, go(去,变成, 到达)

  2. 直接解题:转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  1. A) looking (看, 看起来,调查,神情, 外表) B) seeing(看见, 了解, 领会)

  C) seeking(寻找, 探索) D) feeling(摸, 感觉, 感觉,激情)

  Sixty years ago(以前), a man named(命名) Kenneth Arnold saw something that people are still(仍然,更,静止的) __1__ today –something(某物/某事) that changed(改变) popular culture(大众文化) for ever(永远).

  1.B see和look这两个词词义相关,因此首先重点关注。空格前面出现了动词saw(see的过去时态),因此 B是答案的可能性较大(提示1:上下文的用词特点(上下文常常通过使用同一词汇/近义词/词汇/反义词形成上下文意义的衔接))。look是不及物动词,而see 既可用作及物动词也可用作不及物动词。空格处的动词是及物动词,引导定语从句的连接词充当从句中谓语动词的宾语,因此B是答案。

  考点:考察近义词的辨析

  2. A) below(在...下面) B) underneath(在...下面)

  C) with (有,用,以, 由于,赞成)D) under(在...之下, 在...领导下, 少于)

  Flying(驾驶飞机, 飞行, 乘飞机) his plane(飞机) over mountains(山, 山脉) in the US state of Washington(华盛顿州), he saw a line of (一队,一行)strange(奇怪的, 陌生的) objects(物体), either crescent(新月) -shaped or (或者...或者...)disc-like(像盘子形状的), flying __2__ the motion(运动) of a saucer(碟子) skimming on(轻轻掠过) water

  2.C 四个词都是介词。其中below、underneath和under是方位介词,这三个介词互为近义词, 因此彼此排除掉(提示2:备选项中出现的近义词词组通常是干扰项),因此答案只能是with(with是方式介词)。With所在的句子结构说“...以碟子飞速掠过水面的移动方式飞着”。

  考点:常见介词的基本用法。转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  3. A) ruled(规则,统治,规定, 统治) B) bombarded(炮轰, 轰击) C) captured(捕获, 夺取) D) visited(拜访, 访问)

  The media(媒体) soon picked up on (详细描述)the story(故事)-the Flying Saucers (飞碟)were here! Was the earth (地球)being __3__ by creatures(生物) from another planet(行星)?

  3.D 选项D是文章主题词(visitors)的家族词汇,因此D可能是答案(提示3:文章主题词/文章主题词的近义词/文章主题词的家族词汇可能是答案)。第三段的第一句话(Military(军事的) investigations(调查) found(发现) no evidence(证据) of visitors(客人) from outer space(外层空间).)说“军事调查并没有发现能证明从外层空间来了客人的证据”, 由此判断空格处用visited上下文意义呼应。

  考点:文章主题词/上下文意义衔接词

  4. A) investigate(调查, 研究) B) attack(攻击,(疾病突然)发作)

  C) shoot(射击, 拍摄) D) confront(使面对)转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  Soon(很快, 不久), so(如此,因此) many sightings(目睹事件, 视力) were made that the US military(军事的) began(开始) to __4__.

  4.A 空格处需要出现不及物动词, 因此首先排除D(及物动词)。该句说“不久由于出现了这么多的目击事件, 以至于美国军方开始...”, 根据该句句意判断A(调查)出现在空格中最恰当。

  考点:常见动词的辨析/上下文意义衔接词

  5. A) named(命名, 任命,名字) B) called(呼吁, 命名, 打电话)

  C) known(知道,了解,分辨, 知名的) D) dubbed(配音, 授予称号, 鼓声)

  It called these strange(奇怪的,陌生的) objects(物体, 反对) UFOs(不明飞行物) -Unidentified Flying Objects, and that is how(怎样, 多么) they are __5__ today.

  5.C name和call是近义词,都可以表示“命名”, 因此在“命名”这个词义上彼此排除掉,name虽然还有“任命, 提名”这样的词义, 但这样的词义放入空格中意义不通(空格所在的句子结构说“那就是现在它们(不明飞行物)怎样被...的”),因此A和B都不是答案。剩下的选项中选项C(了解)放入空格中意义通顺(那就是不明飞行物怎样被人们知道的), 因此答案为C。

  考点:常见动词的辨析

  6. A) believers(信徒) B) thinkers (思想家)

  C) followers(追随者) D) liars(说谎者)

  7. A) hiding(隐藏, 隐瞒) B) covering (覆盖, 包括, 盖子, 封面)

  C) cheating(欺骗) D) tricking(欺骗, 诡计, 诀窍)转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  Military investigations(调查) found no evidence(证据) of visitors from outer space(外层空间). But that did not stop(停止,阻止, 车站) the true(真正的, 忠实的, 真实的) __6__. The military(军事的) were __7__ up, they said.

  6.A 空格所在的句子说“但是那(军事调查没有发现有外空来访者的证据)不能阻止真正的...”由此可以看出,最合适的词是believers。

  考点:词义相关词的辨析/上下文之间的意义关系(转折)

  7.B 只有cover可以跟up搭配。因此选择covering。Cover up是固定搭配,其含义为“掩盖”。

  考点:固定搭配结构(动词短语)

  补充相似短语结构:

  go up上升, 增长转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  stand up站起来

  set up 设立, 竖立, 创(纪录)

  take up 拿起, 开始从事, 占据

  put up举起, 抬起, 推举

  use up用完, 耗尽

  drink up 喝光

  8. A) definitely(明确地,肯定地) B) undoubtedly(毫无疑问地)

  C) necessarily(必要地,必定地) D) maybe(可能)

  Or(或者,否则, 即) __8__ it was because(因为) the travelers(旅行者) from space(太空) were of such superior(出众的, 较高的) intelligence(智力) that they could hide from (躲避, 避开)the most sophisticated(高度发展的, 老练的) military analysts(分析家).

  8.D 备选项中A, B和C词义接近:都可以表示“肯定地”, 因此彼此排除掉, 答案只能为D。 其实空格所在句子的第一个词是or(或者),表示两种情况都有可能,因此只有用maybe在语义上才是一致的。

  考点:常见副词的辨析。转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  9. A) awkward(笨拙的) B) crude(天然的, 未加工的)

  C) religious(宗教上的) D) foolish(愚蠢的)

  People have always seen strange lights(灯,发光体, 光) in the sky(在天空中). In the past (在过去)these were explained(解释) in__9__ ways.

  9.C 根据空格所在的局部结构“were explained in ...ways/以...的方式被解释”判断B(天然的,未加工的)出现在空格中不合适。借助接下来的句子“In a world(世界) where religion (宗教)was less(较少地) influential(有影响力的)…”(在一个宗教的影响不如以前……的世界里),判断合适的选项是religious。

  考点:上下文意义衔接词转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  10. A) planets(行星) B) continents(大陆, 陆地)

  C) countries(国家, 乡村) D) regions(区域, 领域)

  In a world(世界) where religion (宗教)was less influential(有影响力的) and science fiction (科幻小说)was popular(流行的, 受欢迎的), signs(标记, 记号,迹象,示意) from god(上帝) were replaced by (被...替代)visitors from other __10__.

  10.A 本文的主题是讲不明飞行物,也就是讲来自外星球的人,因此合适的选择是planets。

  考点:文章主题。转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  11. A) cool(凉爽的, 冷漠的, 使冷, 使镇定) B) star (恒星, 明星) C) nuclear(核子的, 原子核的, 中心的) D) cold(寒冷, 感冒, 寒冷的, 不热情的)

  The date(日期, 日子,约会) of the first(第一的, 首先) UFO signings (迹象)was also(也, 同样地) significant(有意义的, 重大的). In 1947, World War II (第2次世界大战)had just ended(结束) and the __11__ war was just beginning.

  11.D 正确地回答这道题需要有一点世界知识。第二次世界大战结束后冷战开始,因此选择cold是正确的。核战争(nuclear war)如果会发生的话,文明早就消失了。cold war是冷战。

  考点:固定搭配结构(名词性的短语结构)转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  12. A) above (在...上方, 在上面,上面的) B) to(向,往,到...为止, 比, 到(程度,范围))

  C) at(在, 在...方面) D) up(向上, 到(较高的地方), 向上, 沿着)

  Humanity(人类, 仁慈) seemed locked in (被封闭在)endless(无穷无尽的) conflicts(斗争, 冲突). Like generations(一代人, 产生) before them, people looked __12__ the skies for(为了) help(帮助).

  12.B look to是依赖。Look to...for... 是指“为了...而指望...”。因此to是合适的选择。相关的句子说的是:跟先辈们一样,人们乞求老天来帮助他们。look at是“看”, Look up是“往上看,查寻 ”。 look up是一个干扰项,look up在表示“往上看”时是不及物动词性的短语结构。

  look up 往上看

  I am wondering(对...感到吃惊, 想知道) why they are looking up. 我想知道为什么他们都向上看。

  Look up 表示“查询”时,是及物动词性的短语结构:

  When you do not understand(理解) a word, you can look it up in this dictionary(字典).

  当你不懂一个单词时,可以查这本词典。转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  考点:固定搭配结构(动词性的短语结构)

  13. A) traditional(传统的, 惯例的) B) backward(向后(地)的, 相反(地)的, 落后(地)的)

  C) classical(古典的) D) advanced(高级的, 先进的)

  But instead of (不是...)seeking(寻求) God(上帝), they looked for (寻找)help from super-intelligent(有超常智慧的) aliens(外国人, 外星人,外国的, 不同的) with __13__ technology(技术). Belief in (相信...的存在)UFOs became(变成, 成为) the first(首要的, 第一的) religion(宗教,信仰) of science.

  13.D 空格所在的局部结构说“aliens with ...technology/有着...技术的外星人”,由此判断D(先进的)是答案。

  考点:常见形容词的辨析(通过派生法而形成的形容词)转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  14. A) unthinkable(不能想象的, 不可思议的) B) impossible (不可能的)

  C) reasonable(合理的) D) insensible(无知觉的, 难以察觉的)

  However(然而), even(甚至, 平均的,使平等) people who believe in(相信) UFOs are not quite sure (对...确信的, 必定地)why they visit (访问, 参观)the earth. The universe(宇宙) is a big(大的,重要的) place(地方) and it is __14__ to assume(假定, 设想) that there is (有)life(生命) somewhere(在某处) out there(在那边).

  14.C 与空格所在的句子并列的句子说:宇宙是一个很大的地方。从这句话可以推出,我们有理由假设在那儿有生命的存在。因此,选reasonable是对的。

  考点:it句型

  15. A) performed(做, 表演, 完成任务) B) carried (携带)

  C) brought(带来) D) taken(拿走,占领, 获得, 接受)

  It is possible(可能的) that aliens have worked out (设计出, 计算出,可以解决)how to travel(旅行) through(穿过) space. Yet some people report(报告) that they have been taken by (被带走)aliens and have had experiments(实验, 做实验) __15__ on them.转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com转自环 球 网校edu24ol.com

  15.A 根据空格所在的局部结构“have had experiments...on them/使实验在他们身上被...”判断A(做)是答案。

  考点:非谓语动词结构/常见动词的辨析

  Why would anyone(任何人) travel across(越过) half(一半的, 一半, 部分地) the universe(宇宙) to conduct(做,管理) medical(医学的) experiments on people living(生活, 活的,起作用的) in small(小的) towns(城镇) in the United States(美国)?

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