Computers Can Read
Computers can solve difficult problems and control the machines which are not simple. Many people use small computers called calculators to add, subtract, multiply, and divide numbers quickly. Scientists use large computers to solve many problems at the same time. You can play games with computers, and some computers can help you learn languages. The Reading Machine is a special kind of computer. It can read books for blind people.
This machine consists fo three sections: a scanner (扫描仪), a computer, and a vioce synthesizer (合成器). These three parts are like your eyes, your brain, and your voice. The scanner is the "eye"of the machine. It scans, or looks at the words on the page of a book and changes them into signals. These signals then go to the computer, the "brain" of the machine. The computer analyzes (分析)the signals and r***gnizes the words and then sends information about the words to the vioce synthesizer. The voice synthesizer makes the sounds of the words.
To use the machine, a blind person simply opens the book and puts it face down on the scanner. The machine reads the words on the page. When one page is finished, the blind person turns the page and puts the bllk on the scanner again. The reading Machine can read in a standard voice in a special fast voice. it can read words with small letters, large lettters, or italics (斜体).
Blind people like the Reading Machine because they can "read" anything within newspapers, magazines, books, even typed letter. Many libraries now have Rading Machines for blind people to use. The Reading Machine can also help sighted children learn to read.
Can the Reading machine help you to read in English? The computer can analyze the grammar of sentences, and the voice synthesizer can make the sounds of the words. However, the machine cannot explain the meanings of the words. To use the machine, you must know the meanins of the words and sentences first.
1. The first paragraph is mainly concerned with the different u---------of the computers.
2. The computer, one of the three parts of the Reading Machine, is like the b---- of a human being.
该题考察应试者把握文章中的事实与细节的能力。我们可以把它转化为这样的一个问题“电脑作为阅读机的三个组成部分之一，他的作用相当人的什么器官?”然后我们再到文章中寻找与此有关的内容，不难发现，与此有关的内容在短文的第二段的开始，This machine consists of three sections: a scanner, a computer, and a voice synthsizer. These three parts are like your eyes, your brain, and your voice. 阅读机包括扫描仪，电脑和合成器三个组成部分，扫描仪相当与人的眼睛，那么电脑也就相当于人的大脑了，因此，本题答案为brain。
3. The Reading Machine can r***gnize the words with letters of differents s------.
4. The Reading Machine may help blind people deal with all kinds of reading m------ such as newspapers, magazines and books.
本题相对来说要简单一些，因为题目本身就已经给我们提供了足够的信息，newspapers, magazines 及 books 均属于读物，即阅读材料，而且在各种考试中我们都会见到reading materials。很明显，本题的答案为materials。
5. People cannot find the e------ of the words while using the Reading Machine.
第七题也是考罕应试者把握文章中的事实与细节的能力，题目本身可以转化为这样的问题：“在使用阅读机时，人们不能发现什么?”，与此相关的内容在短文的最后一段： However, the machine cannot explain the meanings of the words, 根据提示词"explain", 我们就应能填出它的名词形式"explanation"。
请看大纲第14页的一篇短文： Television in the USA
Thirty-four percent of the world's television sets are in the USA. But it is not fair that some foreigners have concluded that America has a TV culture. Still it is true that American TV has great-power and can make or break well-known people in fron of the camera. There are a thousand stations in the 50 states, and in most places there is a choice of five or six channels. The major networks (National Broadcasting Company, Columbia Broadcasting System and the American Broadcasting Compan) introduce a lot of new shows of every kind. Those dramas, soap operas, talk shows, news shows, and sport shows which are cuccessful, are relayed (转播)throughout American and are often sold abroad. Roots, by the black writer Alex Haley, for example, was sold all over the world.
Nearly all TV in the USA is commercial, and programs are interrupted every quarter of an hour or so for advertisements. These breaks make people upset, expecially during some exciting action in a good film. However, commercials do make it possible to show programs on TV that are expensive to produce.
There is one channel where there are no commercial breaks. Programs on this channel are run by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and can be seen all over the USA. Although the PBS gets a grant from the government, the government does not interfere in any way in the organization of its programs. There are programs on everyday affairs, music, the arts, as well as serious discussions on all kinds of topics. Some programs are supported by companies or institutions, but these organizations are not allowed to influence the content of a program.