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发布时间:2019年12月01日 08:40:00 来源:环球网校 点击量:




1. ______ we need to complete the construction is two million dollars.

A. All what B. That all

C. That D. What


【解析】在这里 what引导一个主语从句,what既起引导作用,又在从句中作谓语动词 need的宾语,如:What I want to know is why energy, unlike matter, is not made up of molecules and atoms. 我想要知道的是,为什么能量不像物质那样是由分子和原子组成的。因此D是正确选择。尽管that也可引导主语从句,但不能在主语从句中做成分,所以B和 C错误。关系代词what不能用来引导定语从问,所以A也不正确。

2. ______ all our kindness to help her, Sara refused to listen.

A. At B. In

C. For D. On


【解析】for在这里意为“虽然,尽管”,相当于 in spite of,notwithstanding,如:For all his efforts,he didn't succeed.虽然他尽了力,但还是没有成功。at,in 和 on则没有这种意义和用法。

3. _______ all the difficulties, she finished the project by herself.

A. As for B. In spite

C. Besides D. Despite


【解析】despite意为“尽管,不顾”,如: He came to the meeting despite his serious illness. 他尽管病得很厉害,还是来参加了会议。in spite要和of连用,意思与 despite相同,如上句可改为: He came to the meeting in spite of his serious illness. as for意为“至于……,就……而言”,如:As for this kind of rare metal, it will be further studied.至于这种稀有金属,要做进一步的研究。besides意为“除……之外”,如。Besides English he can speak French and German.除了英语他还会说法语和德语。由此可见只有D为正确答案。

4. _______ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention.

A. Being published B. Published

C. Publishing D. To be published


【解析】本题考查的是as引导的让步状语从句.动词publish动作的对象是从句的主语,所以需要用过去分词与was构成被动语态,如:Thoroughly cleaned as it was, the room didn't look tidy. 房间虽然给彻底打扫了,但看起来并不整洁。选项A是现在分词的被动式,表示该动作正在进行或与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,如;Being earnestly invited to dinner, she couldn't very well refuse. 有人热情邀请她参加宴会,她不好意思拒绝.选项C是现在分词的主动形式,选项D是动词不定式,而不定式做状话一般表示动作的目的,一般是将要发生的动作。由此可见,只有B是正确答案,而A,C和D旨不正确。

5. _______ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party.

A. Had they arrived B. Would they arrive

C. Were they arriving D. Were they to arrive


【解析】本句是一个虚拟条件句,主句的谓语用的是“should + 动词原形”,表示与现在事实相反或与将来事实可能相反。根据句子结构可以看出,从句部分是倒装句,省略了连接词if,由于句子中的时间状语是the day after tomorrow,所以从句动词应该用与将来事实可能相反的虚拟语气,即“should(were to)+ 动词原形”,如:Were they to act like that again,we should criticize them severely.要是他们再那样做,我们就要严厉地批评他们。由此可见,D是正确答案.

6. ______ book is interesting to her although reading is her hobby. She likes reading literature, not politics or economics.

A. None of B. No

C. Not every D. All


【解析】all,both,every,always,often,entirely,wholly,altogether等词的否定形式一般表示部分否定,如:All is not gold that glitters. 发光的未必全是金子。又如:Every force does not always produce movement.力并非总产生运动。

7. _______classic music, which follows formal European tradition, jazz is a spontaneous and free form.

A. In contrast to B. In connection with

C. In comparison with D. In regard to


【解析】in contrast to意为“同……相对照或相对比,与……相反”,比较的是两者之间的差异,如:In contrast to the China of pre-liberation days, China of today is strong and powerful. 与解放前的中国相对比,今日的中国强大而有力。 in connection with意为“与……有关系,关于”,如: In connection with your request of March 18th,we are sorry to tell you your goods can not be shipped right now.关于你 3月 18日信中提出)的要来,我们很抱歉你的货物不能马上装船。in comparison with意为“和……比较起来”,既可以比较相同点也可以比较不同点,如:The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with those of New York.伦敦最高的楼房同纽约的比起来仍然很低。 in regard to做“关于”讲,如:In regard to the other matter,we have not yet discussed it fully. 关于其他事情,我们还没有充分讨论。

8. _______ conflict among city-states caused the eventual decline of Greek civilization.

A. Continuous B. Continual

C. Constant D. Contrary


【解析】continual意为“经常不断的,常常的(中间可能有间隔)”,如:Continual smoking is bad to one's health.经常抽烟有害身体健康。continuous 指连续不断而且绝对不中断,如: The continuous work made me completely exhausted. 不间断的工作使我筋疲力尽。constant可用来指习惯性的重复,如:Constant practice will make you overcome difficulties.经常训练会使你克服困难。 contrary作“相反的”讲,如: Any contrary policy is absolutely wrong. 任何相反的政策都是绝对错误的。

9. _______ conventional black ink costs newspaper about thirty cents, most rub-resistant inks add at least ten cents more to the bill.

A. While B. Furthermore

C. Meanwhile D. Moreover


【解析】furthermore(此外,而且),meanwhile(同时)和moreover(再者,此外)均是副词,都不能引导从句。只有while是连词,意为“虽然”,含有让步之意,可以引导从句,如:While I admit that the problems are difficult, I don't agree that they cannot be solved. 虽然我承认这些问题很难,但我不认为它们不能解决。

10. _______ for this suggestion.

A. There is something to be said B. There has something to be said

C. It is something to be said D. It has something to be said


【解析】“There is something (nothing, little, plenty) to be said for …”是一个句型,意为“……有一定(没有,几乎没有,很有)道理”,如:There is something to be said for both sides of the issue. 看起来争论的双方都有一定道理。

11. _______ for your help, we'd never have been able to get over the difficulties.

A. Had it not B. If it were not

C. Had it not been D. It we had not been


【解析】根据句子结构,我们可以看出逗号后面是使用了虚拟语气的主句,因此,须填入表示与过去情况相反的虚拟条件句,“if it were not for …”这一结构表示同现在事实相反的假设,意为“如果不是……”,例如:If it weren't for his wife's money, he'd never be a director.”如果不是他妻子有钱,他永远不会成为一名董事。If it were not for his help, I would never study here.如果没有他的帮助,我永远不会在这儿学习。因此,BIf it were not 错误。“if it had not been for …”的倒装形式为“had it not been for …”,表示与过去事实相反的假设,意为“如果当时没有……”,主句谓语形式是“would + have done”,例如:If it had not been for Dr. Li, he would have died of smallpox. 如果当初不是李医生的话,他已死于天花了。Had it not been for his carelessness, the project wouldn't have failed. 当时如果不是他粗心的话,这项工程不会失败。因此,C. Had it not been正确,A. Had it not错误(如果后跟been,就是正确的了),D. If we had not been无此结构。

12. ______ he's already heard the news.

A. Chances are B. Chance is

C. Opportunities are D. Opportunity is


【解析】“(The) chances are (that)”常用于口语中,意为“很可能”,如:The chances are that he is staying at home. 他很可能呆在家里。

13. _______ his knowledge and academic background, he is basically stupid.

A. But for B. According to

C. For all D. Thanks to


【解析】for all意为“尽管,虽然”,如:For all you say, I still like him. 尽管你这样说,我还是喜欢他。but for作“要不是,若非”讲,如:But for the rain, we should have had a pleasant journey. 要不是下雨,我们就会去做一次很愉快的旅行了。according to意为“依照,根据”。thanks to则做“幸亏,由于”讲,如:Thanks to your help, we were successful. 由于你的帮忙,我们得以成功。

14. _______ his return from Japan, Prof. Li went directly to his laboratory and started working with his colleagues.

A. Upon B. At

C. Within D. Over


【解析】“upon (on) + 表示行为的名词”相当于as soon as引导的时间状语从句。

15. _______ I am concerned, some other arrangement would have been better.

A. So far B. As for

C. As far as D. So far from


【解析】“as far as … be concerned”是固定搭配,意为“就……来说,就……而论”,如:It is impossible as far as we are concerned. 对于我们来说,这是不可能的。so far意为“迄今为止”,如:The weather has been hot so far this summer. 到目前为止,今年夏天天气一直很热。as for意为“至于……”,后跟名词或代词,不可跟从句。如:As for my past, I'm not telling you anything. 至于我的历史,我什么都不会告诉你。so far from意为“非但不” ,如:So far from taking my advice, he went and did just what I warned him against. 他非但不接受我的劝告,反而去干了我告诫他别干的事。

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