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2020年翻译资格考试二级笔译实务练习题:复刻理想主义

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发布时间:2019年12月03日 13:43:05 来源:环球网校 点击量:

【摘要】小编给大家带来2020年翻译资格考试二级笔译实务练习题:复刻理想主义,希望对大家有所帮助。加入环球网校有专业的老师为您解答问题,还可以和考友一起交流!

人们对不美好的、令人失望的事物可能抱三种态度:理想主义、现实主义和犬儒主义。有研究者发现,这三种人生态度会分别在青年、中年、老年时期特别有影响。

人在十几、二十来岁的年轻时期,往往倾向于理想主义,特别有正义感。一旦碰到不公不义、龌龊丑恶之事,便充满了愤怒,理想化地想要对它进行彻底的纠正。打倒孔家店,推翻封建礼教,消灭封、资、修,占领华尔街,都是年轻人在那里冲锋陷阵。

中年的务实理想主义者希望能尽自己的力量做一些有益的事情:公益活动、议论时事、参与民间团体的活动等等。他们很清楚自己所贡献的不过是绵薄之力,在有生之年也不可能期待实现多少实质性的变化。

中年的犬儒主义者则不同,他们会认为,这世界太丑恶,人心太坏,个人不可能改变这种状况,所以不值得为之付出努力。既然如此,还不如随波逐流,有机会的就大捞一把。有这种机会的毕竟只是极少数当上官的,大多数的中年犬儒会愤世嫉俗、玩世不恭、得过且过、难得糊涂。碰到世道不平之事,他们只会冷漠地袖手旁观。为了平息自己的良心责备,他们甚至还会站在加害者的立场上去责怪受害者——倒霉一定有倒霉的理由,谁叫他们自己拎不清,不当心,自作自受,咎由自取。

老年是最容易落入犬儒主义的人生阶段,一个人年岁越长,人生阅历也就越多。老年人可以变得更智慧,但也可能变得更犬儒。考生如果怕自己错过考试报名时间和考试时间的话,可以 免费预约短信提醒,届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。

参考译文:

There are three attitudes towards unpleasant and disappointing things in life: idealism, realism and cynicism, which according to researchers, have a significant impact on people in youth, middle age and old age respectively.

People in their teens and twenties tend to embrace idealism and have a strong sense of justice. They act angrily to unfair and ugly things and idealistically want to take sweeping corrective actions. That may explain why they led the charge in many social movements, such as the anti-Confucianism campaign, the battle against feudal ethnical code, attempts to eliminate feudalism, capitalism and revisionism, and Occupy Wallstreet.

Middle-aged practical idealists want to do something useful, such as participating in public interest activities, discussing current affairs, and joining activities organized by civil society organizations. But they know well that their efforts don’t have a strong impact and therefore, they don’t expect to make a real difference in the world.

But it is not the same for middle-aged cynics. They believe that it is not worth the effort to change the fact that the world is ugly and people are generally selfish, because individuals don’t have the potential to do so. As a result, they argue, it is better to follow the herd and make a fast buck at every opportunity. But such an opportunity is available to the few cynics in power, and the rest just muddle through and feign ignorance on certain issues. Also, in the face of unfair things, they stay aloof. To overcome the feelings of guilt, they even blame the victim on behalf of the perpetrator, claiming that there must be a reason for their misfortunes: they are foolish, uncareful and thus bring this upon themselves.

People in advanced years are most prone to cynicism. As one grows older, he gains more life experience which may help him become wiser, or unfortunately, more cynical.

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