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2019年翻译资格考试《三级笔译实务》模拟试卷(四)

发布时间:2019年08月20日 10:27:23 来源:环球网校 点击量:

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【摘要】小编给大家带来2019年翻译资格考试《三级笔译实务》模拟试卷(四),希望对大家有所帮助。

Section 1 English-Chinese Translation(Translate the following passage into Chinese.)

1.本届论坛直接服务于进博会的总体目标,紧扣当前国际国内经贸发展的新趋势和新变化,体现开放发展新理念,着眼于推进开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的经济全球化和构建开放型世界经济,促进全球贸易增长。本届论坛由开幕式、三场平行论坛、国际财经媒体和智库论坛组成,论坛开幕式也是金博会的开幕式。论坛主题为“激发全球贸易新活力,共创开放共赢新格局”;三场平行论坛分别以“贸易与开放”“贸易与创新” “贸易与投资”作为议题,重点就推进贸易投资自由化便利化,构建开放型世界经济,通过发展服务贸易、数字经济、电子商务等推动贸易创新增长,挖掘增长新动力以及促进贸易投资互动和可持续发展等内容进行讨论。三场平行论坛的观众共计2400多名,包括有关国家和地区政府代表团、国际组织、参展商、采购商以及其他相关企业代表。

Section 2 Chinese-English Translation(Translate the following passage into English.)

1.worldwide problem, costing over $3 trillion per year. Data shows that Americans have either worsened the situation or made no progress on obesity, diabetes, and anemia in women of reproductive age.“The figures call for immediate action,”an expert said. It’s generally accepted that being overweight is a costly health care problem, but new data suggests that being undernourished is even more expensive.Around the world, malnutrition has become a problem that costs a staggering $3.5 trillion per year, according figures cited by the latest Global Nutrition Report, which gives a comprehensive analysis of food and nutrition issues each year. That sum dwarfs the costs of being overweight and obese, which the report’s authors tallied at $500 billion annually. Although most countries have fallen short in their efforts to address poor nutrition and food insecurity, the United States appears to be badly off track on all its nutrition targets, the report found. The world’s largest economy continues to suffer from high rates of obesity, diabetes and anemia, according to the data, and has more than a million overweight children.“Malnutrition is responsible for more ill-health than any other cause. The health consequences of overweight and obesity contribute to an estimated four million deaths globally”Corinna Hawkes, co-chair of the Global Nutrition Report and director of the Center for Food Policy, wrote in the report. The dire figures “call for immediate action,” Hawkes said.According to the study, most countries have at least two issues related to malnutrition. The most prevalent issues are children who are either overweight, anemic, or suffer from stunted growth. Overall, malnutrition contributes to about half of all childhood deaths, the research showed. India has the highest number of malnourished children in the world. Many of them are “stunted,” meaning they are too short for their age. Their height is a visible sign that not only their bones are not getting enough nutrients, but also their brains, indicating their hampered ability to learn.Lucy Sullivan, executive director of 1000 Days and co-chair the Global Nutrition Report Stakeholder Group, said that stunted children do not do well in school. Down the road, those affected may not be able to get as good of a job as they could have, had they been well-fed. Sullivan added that it also prevents them from being able to contribute to society, and the economy,as well as they would have in a healthier environment. A big part of the problem are eating and lifestyle choices,according to experts. North America alone purchases some of the highest volumes of packaged foods, the Global Nutrition Report found, and 66 percent of them are of low nutritional quality.These data aren't all bad: Figures from 2003 to 2014 showed that obesity rates in the United States have begun to plateau, after having tripled since the 1970s. In the past five years, more than 35 U.S. jurisdictions have reported small declines in obesity. Yet an undeniable conclusion of the report is that poor eating habits have knocked the U.S. off course in its battle against malnutrition and obesity. China also has a growing obesity problem, in addition to having the second-largest undernourished population, the data showed. Policymakers are realizing they need to take action, in part because malnutrition is leading to major economic consequences, according to Sullivan. She hopes steps will be taken in order to help malnourished people worldwide. t(The return on investment is so high,” she said.

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