Long long ago people made fires from lightning(闪电)。But they had to keep the fire burning, for
they couldn' t start it again if there was no lightning. Later, they found out hitting two piece of stone together could make a spark (火花). The spark could fire dry leaves. In this way they could make the fire again if it went out. Them people also learned to make a fire by rubbing. They made a hole on a big piece of wood and put a smaller stick into the hole. They turned the stick again and again. After a few minutes they got a fire.
As years went by, people learned other ways to make a fire. Sometimes they used the heat from
sun. they held a piece of glass in the right way and made a piece of paper on fire.
About two centuries ago, people began to make matches (火柴). Matches brought people a quick and easy way to make fire. Today matches are still being used, but people have more new ways to make fires. One of them is to use an electric fire starter. Of course an electric fire starter is much more expensive than a box of matches. But it is more useful.
1. A spark can _____
A. fire any leaves
B. burn anything
C. burn dry leaves
D. keep fires burning
2. We can also get a fire by _____
A. making a hole on a big piece of wood
B. putting a smaller stick into the hole
C. turning the stick hard for a while
D. doing all the above together
3. Matches have been used _____
A. for about two thousand years
B. for about two hundred years
C. since people began to use fire for cooking
D. since people used the heat from the sun.
4. From this passage we know _____
A. using matches is the easiest and most useful way to make fires
B. people don’' t use matches any more since they had electric fire starters
C. today there are only two ways to make fires
D. some forest fires happen from lightning
5. Choose the right order of the ways to make fires people got to know _____
a.with a match b. from the sun c.from lightning d.by rubbing e.with an electric fire starter.
As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for ahealthy mind and body.
Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact, it is not the bad thing is it is often supposed to be.A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health.
The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsilities, others lose heart at the first sign of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between "flight or fight" and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response.It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Since we can't remove stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could),we need to find ways to deal with it.
6. People are finding less and less time for relaxing themselves because _____.
A. they regard working as their greatest enjoyment
B. they believe that work is superior to relaxation
C. they are traveling fast all the time
D. they are becoming busier with their work than ever before
7. According to the author, the most important character for a good manager is his_____.
A. strong will to hold out stress
B. knowing the art of relaxation
C. high sense of responsibility
D. having control over performance
8. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the passage? _____.
A. We can find quite a few ways to avoid stress.
B. Stress is always harmful to people's health.
C. It's easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work.
D. Different people can bear different amount of stress.
9. In the last sentence of the passage, "do so" refers to____.
A."expose ourselves to stress"
B. "find ways to deal with stress"
C. "remove stress from our lives"
D. "establish links between diseases and stress"
10. According to the author, the right attitude toward stress is _____.
A. to avoid it
B. to try to deal with it
C. to regard it as a vital motivation
D. to find some relaxation
What should you think about in trying to find your career? You are probably better at some schoolsubjects than others. These may show strengths that you can use in your work. A boy who is good at mathematics can use that in an engineering career. A girl who spells well and likes English may be good at office work .So it is important to do well at school. On the other hand, you may not have any specially strong or weak subjects but your records show a general satisfactory standard. Although not all subjects can be used directly in a job, they may have indirect value. Knowledge of history is not required for most jobs but if history is one of your good subjects you will have learned to remember facts and details. This is an ability that can be useful in many jobs.
Your school may have taught you skills, such as typing or technical drawing, which you can use in your work. You may be good at metal work or cookery(是饪术)and look for a job where you can improve these skills.
If you have had a part-time job on Saturdays or in the summer, think what you gained from it. If nothing else, you may have learned how to get to work on time, to follow instructions and to get on with older workers. You may have learned to give correct change in a shop, for example. Just as important, you may become interested in a particular industry or career you see from the inside in a part-time job.
Facing your weak points is also part of knowing yourself. You may be all thumbs when you handle(运用)tools; perhaps you are a poor speller or cannot add up a column of figures. It is bitter to
face any weaknesses than to pretend they do not exist. Your school record, for instance, may not be too good, yet it is an important part of your background. You should not be apologetic about it but instead recognize that you will have a chance of a fresh start at work..
11. Which of the following best sums up the first paragraph?_____.
A. The importance of doing well at school.
B. Using school performance to help to choose a career.
C. The importance of being good at all subjects.
D. The indirect value of schoolwork.
12. The writer thinks that for a student to have a part-time job is probably_____.
A. a waste of time that could have been spent on study
B. useful for his future work
C. a good way to earn extra money
D. a good way to find out his weak points
13. According to the passage, if a student’s school record is not good, he____.
A. will be a complete failure in his future work
B. will not be able to find a suitable job
C. will regret not having worked harder at school
D. may do well in his future work
14. Which subject is supposed to have no direct value for job hunting?
C. Technical drawing.
15. The whole passage centers on _____
A. choosing a career according to what one is skilled in
B. acquiring knowledge by working hard at school
C. finding one’s strong and weak points
D. developing one’s abilities useful in school work
American society is not nap(午睡)-friendly. In fact,says David Dinges, a sleep specialist at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine,“There's even a prohibition against admitting we need sleep”. Nobody wants to be caught napping or found asleep at work. To quote a proverb:"Some sleep five hours, nature requires seven, laziness nine and wickedness eleven."
Wrong. The way not to fall asleep at work is to take naps when you need them.“ We have to totally change our attitude toward napping,”says Dr. William Dement of Stanford University, the godfather of sleep research.
Last year a national commission led by Dement identified an“ American sleep debt”which one member said was as important as the national debt. The commission was concerned about the dangers of sleepiness: people causing industrial accidents or falling asleep while driving. This may be why we have a new sleep policy in the White House. According to recent reports, President Clinton is trying to take a ha1f-hour snooze (瞌睡) every afternoon.
About 60 percent of American adults nap when given the opportunity. We seem to have "a midafternoon quiet phase," also called“a secondary sleep gate.”Sleeping 15 minutes to two hours inthe early afternoon can reduce stress and make us refreshed. Clearly, we were born to nap.
We Superstars of Snooze don't nap to replace lost shut-eye or to prepare for a night shift.Rather, we “snack” on sleep, whenever, wherever and at whatever time we feel like it. I myself have napped in buses, cars, planes and on boats; on floors and beds; and in libraries, offices and museums。
16. It is commonly accepted in American society that too much sleep is______.
17. The research done by the Dement Commission shows that Americans_____.
A. don't like to take naps
B. are terribly worried about their national debt
C. sleep less than is good for them
D. have caused many industrial and traffic accidents
18. The purpose of this article is to
A. warn us of the wickedness of napping_____.
B. explain the danger of sleepiness
C. discuss the side effects of napping
D. convince the reader of the necessity of napping
19. The underlined phrase“ American sleep debt”in Para. 3 is the result of______.
A. the traditional misconception the Americans have about sleep
B. the new sleep policy of the Clinton Administration
C. the rapid development of American industry
D. the Americans' worry about the danger of sleepiness
20. The second sentence of the last paragraph tells us that it is_______
A. preferable to have a sound sleep before a night shift
B. good practice to eat something light before we go to bed
C. essential to make up for cost sleep
D. natural to take a nap whenever we feel the need for it
21. Having no money but_____to know, he simply said he would go without dinner.
A. not to want anyone
B. to want no one
C. wanted no one
D. not wanting anyone
22. Would you please______the radio a little? I'm doing my home work.
A. turn down
B. turning down
C. turn off
D. turning off
23. Dream of the Red Chamber is_____worth_____because we can learn a lot about the noble
families in the feudal society.
B.well;to be read
D.very; to be read
24.It's no use _____ so much money on clothes .
D. being spent
25. I have two boys but _____ of them likes sweets.
26. All the passengers_______,in the accident were sent to the nearby hospital in no time.
A. to find injured
B. finding injured
C. to be found injured
D. found injured
27. The big fire lasted as long as 24 hours_____it was brought under control.
28. In this workshop, the output of July was three times_____of January.
29. Seeing her father come back,____.
A. tears ran down her cheeks
B. her tears ran out
C. she burst into tears
D. tears burst into her
30.____ singer and dancer is also good at drawing.
A. The; a
B. The; the
D. The; /
31. It's such a difficult problem _____no one can work it out.
A. as B. that C.so D.and
32.I'd rather you _____there next week.
A. went B.go; C. should have gone D. had gone
33. By the end of this term, we_____3,000 English words in all.
A will learn
B.will have learned
34.______is known to all, the earth moves around the sun once a year.
A That B. As C. What D. It
35._____ I admit that she has shortcomings. I still like her.
A. When B. As C. While D. Once
36. To our great______, Tom's ilness proved not to be as serious as we had feared.
A. anxiety B. relief C. view D. judgment
37. The meeting is to begin at 4:00p.m, but as assistants, we're______to be there a bit earlier.
A. invited B. supposed C encouraged D. hoped
38. Can you_____the differences between the two pictures?
A. tell B. talk C. speak D. say
39. Do you know the_____of the saying I just quoted?
A. resource B. source C. course D. cause
40. The Internet has brought______big changes in the way we work.
A. about B. out C. up D. back
41- Dr. Hampton: Goodmorning. Professor Smith.
Professor Smitii:______Dr. Hampton.
Dr. Hampton:May I come in?
Professor Smith:Of course, please.
A. Good morning
B. Fine, thanks
C. Pleased to meet you
D. How do you do
42. The travelers are going to Taiwan,____ they plan to stay for two or three days
A. that B. which C. when D. where
43. When George was a lttle boy in primary school, he often_____to school on foot.
A. goes B. went C. go D. will go
44. On no account_____to deprive (剥夺) a student of his right to receive education.
A. anyone is allowed
B. is anyone allowed
C. anyone allows
D. allows anyone
45. Alice speaks English well,____ ?
A she does
B. does she
C. she doesn't
D. doesn't she
46. Student: ProfessorWang, must I hand in the paper this week?
Professor Wang:No,____ . You can handit in next week.
A. you mustn't B. you can't C. you needn't D. you shouldn't
47. If I_____you, I would go now and wait for them at the station.
A. am B. was C. were D. have been
48. Ted,______yourself and don't get your coat dirty again, or you willget into trouble!
A. behave B. make C. perform D. take
49. In the dead man's bedroom the police found several important___ whichpointed to Blake as the murderer.
A. careers B. clues C. challenges D. dreams
50. The old man sitting on the park bench seemed____to me, yet Icouldn't possibly remember where we had met before.
A. proud B. gradual C. familiar D. mental
51. They go to work every day______Saturday and Sunday. Those days are holidays.
A. besides B. on C. from D. except
52. She has______chance to win the election as her opponent is too strong.
A.little B. a little C. few D. a few
53. Today Bob was late again for class because he overslept (睡过头),but he____an excuse of being il.
A. looked up B.made up C. put up D. took up
54. You have to_____early in the morning to avoid the rush hour.
A. set aside B. set out C. set up D. set in
55._____I fixed the plug properly, I still got an electric shock.
A. Because B. However C. Although D. When
56. By the end of the last month, I_____all the CDs Of Justin Bieber.
A. collect B. Collected C. have collected D. had collected
57. The young man has made so much noise that he_____not have been allowed to attend the concert.
A. could B. must C. would D. should
58. I don't think I'll need any money but I'll bring some______.
A. at last B. in case C. once again D. in time
59.The company has turned______e-commerce
A. did B. Does C. to do D. to doing
50.______he did not want to, he still had to share his hotel room with a stranger.
A. Because B. Even though C. When D. As though
I will never forget the year I was about twelve years old. My mother told us that we would not be 61____ Christmas gifts because there was not enough money. I felt sad and thought, "What would I say when the other kids asked what I'd 62____ ?" Just when I started to 63____ that there would not be a Christmas that year, three women 64____ at our house with gifts for all of us. For me they brought a doll.I felt such a sense of 65____ that I would no longer have to be embarrassed when I returned to school.I wasn't 66____ Somebody had thought 67____ of me to bring me a gift.
Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my 68____ Christmas there special and memorable, I 69____ remembered the women's visit. I decided that I wanted to create that same feeling of 70____ for as many children as I could possibly reach.
So I 71____ a plan and gathered forty people from my company to help. We gathered about 125 orphans (孤儿) at the Christmas party. For every child, we wrapped colorful packages flled with toys,clothes, and school supplies, 72____ with a child' s name. We wanted all of them to know they were 73____ Before I called out their names and handed them their gifts, I 74____them that they couldn't open their presents 75____ every child had come forward. Finally the 76____ they had been waiting for came as I called out, "One, two, three. Open your presents!" As the children opened their packages, their faces beamed and their bright smiles 77____up the room. The 78____ in the room was obvious, and 79____wasn"t just about toys. It was a feeling一the feeling I knew 80____ that Christmas so long ago when the women came to visit. I wasn't forgotten. Somebody thought of me. I matter.
81.It woeld be impossible to succeed in selling aproduct without first investigating the market.
82.Under such circumstances, they will try everything possible to familiarize themselves with the market conditions.
83.There are many channels that we can make use of in doing this sort of work.
84.The Chingese Export Commodities Fairs and sone other fairs of similar nature as well as visits of foreign businessmen provide us with such opporunities.
Is Failure a Bad Thing
Failure is quite a common thing in our life. As long as we do things we will surely encounterdifficulties. Of course we should try our best to get over them, but in many cases, it is not so easy, or even impossible. Then how should we face failure?
Different people take different attitudes towards failure. When faced with failure, some people become frustrated and lose their selfconfidence. They refuse to make any further efforts. These people will probably never amount to anything in life. Some people just don't fear failure. They firmly believe that failure is the mother of success. As a result, not only can failure stop them, but they draw useful lessons from it and try even harder. Such people are sure to succeed someday.
As for me, I don't think failure is a bad thing. Failure can never discourage me but only enrich my experience and steel my will. With this positive attitude in mind, I will try hard in anything I'm determined to accomplish and attain success in the end.